Role of Parks in Promoting Social and Health Indicators of Citizens, Focusing on the PushFactors of Residential Environments and the Pull Factors of Green Spaces, A case study of Zonal Parks in Tabriz

Document Type : Research article


Member of the Faculty of Urban Planning and Architecture Department, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University. Maragheh, Iran



Urban green spaces are one of the major issues in urban competitiveness and increasing livability, which is one of the vital requirements in achieving a healthy city. The arrival of new communication technologies has led to the reduction of the virtual space in social interactions. Urban expansion and increasing urban density lead to an increase in the spread of pollution in cities. This process increases the risk of physical and mental health conditions for citizens. This study aimed to investigate the push factors of residential environments and the pull factors of regional parks, as well as the role of these parks in promoting the social indicators and mental health of citizens. This study uses a descriptive-analytical and applied approach and its method is both qualitative and quantitative. Questionnaires and surveys as well as library informationused to collect information. The Statistical population is the zonal parks of Tabriz city. Accordingly, 5 zonal parks were purposefully selected according to their geographical distribution in Tabriz city and questionnaires were completed among the people visiting the parks of this city. Zonal parks have a positive effect on promoting the health indicators of citizens because of sports equipment and health and walking paths and clean air. Among the motives for visiting the parks, the leisure time variable is the top priority, followed by meeting with friends. Exercise and relieving fatigue are the next priority. There is a significant positive relationship between park attractions and the use of parks.