Document Type : Research article
shahid chamran university of ahvaz
PhD student in geography and urban planning, faculty of literature and humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
So far, some researchers have assessed the vulnerability and resilience of critical infrastructure, however, few have considered the two-way interdependence of critical networks. These researches on resilience assessment generally assumed that critical networks can return to their original function, while limited recovery (against disasters) is more practical (Xiao et al., 2022: 108). Critical infrastructures are responsible for various human functions and activities and play an essential role in societies, on the other hand, infrastructure systems are not separate and depend on each other (Yang et al., 2022: 606). Interdependencies between critical urban infrastructure systems significantly affect their reliability and performance and the resilience of modern societies (Magoua et al., 2022: 102). In 2017, the World Bank's City Resilience Program launched an ambitious resilience research and policy agenda. The main mission of this program is to "accelerate the change from mostly single-stream resilience operations at the city level to long-term, more comprehensive and multidisciplinary planning to build resilience" (Philip et al., 2021: 1).