بررسی سیاست بازآفرینی در بافت‌های فرسودۀ شهری با استفاده از ماتریس SWOT و QSPM (مطالعۀ موردی: منطقۀ 12 کلان‌شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی - بنیادی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا، تربیت‌مدرس

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

اجرای ناموفق طرح‌‌های شهری در بافت‌‌های فرسوده و ناکارآمد شهری باعث توجه به رویکردی جدید در پروژه‌‌های شهری شده است. تأکید طرح‌‌های جدید شهری بر بازآفرینی بافت‌‌های فرسوده به‌منظور استفاده از پتانسیل‌‌های موجود در مناطق فرسوده، با ارائۀ زمینه‌‌ای از همکاری و توافق مشارکت شهروندان و طرح دیدگاه‌‌های ضروریشان همراه است. با توجه به اهمیت پایداری بازآفرینی‌‌ شهری در تجهیز بافت ‌‌فرسوده، هدف از این تحقیق کشف متغیرها و عامل‌‌های اصلی مؤثر در بازآفرینی بافت فرسودۀ منطقۀ 12، ازنظر ساکنان است. بدین منظور پرسش‌نامه‌‌هایی توسط آن‌ها تکمیل و بعد ارزیابی شد. روش تحقیق حاضر ازلحاظ هدف، کاربردی و ازنظر روش، توصیفی- تحلیلی است. تجزیه‌و‌تحلیل از طریق ماتریس تحلیلی SWOT و ماتریس کمی  QSPM  صورت گرفته است. نتایج این تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که در نحوۀ اجرای طرح‌های شهری در منطقۀ 12، باید مشارکت اقشار گوناگون ساکنان و ایجاد سازوکار حمایتی لازم برای جلب سرمایه‌‌گذاری اقشار مرفه، به‌عنوان عواملی مهم در پایداری منطقۀ 12 در نظر گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating Policy of Regeneration in Urban Distressed Texture Using SWOT and QSPM Matrices (Case Study: Region 12 of Tehran Metropolis)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Meshkini 1
  • Ali Movahed 2
  • Narges Ahmadifard 3
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Geography, Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Geography and Urban Planning , University of Kharazmi, Iran
3 Ph.D. in Geography and Urban Planning, Kharazmi University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Central texture in old cities was once the most important and best residential neighborhood. Today, because of the presence of human communities there are a lot of historic and valuable elements with different dimensions (physica, economic, etc.). Thus, today fixing them is a serious issue. At any time, pavement managers chose different approaches and policies for intervening in distressed texture that tries to correct the last approaches and policies. One of them is urban regeneration, this policy emphasize on the participatory approach that improve distressed texture to achieve goals of sustainable development. With this introduction, this study attempts to examine the views of residents in 12 region of Tehran and discover the main factors in urban regeneration.
Methodology
This research in terms of purpose is applied and in terms of method is analytic. Required data is collected from field studies such as questionnaires, interview and also from document. For analysis of data, we used SWOT and QSPM analysis matrix.
Findings
From the results of SWOT and QSPM analysis matrix, we show the highest strategies. One of the strateges is participation of various groups with their special attention to regeneration with score 3.2. The next rank is making a lot of diversification in facilities and services in order to satisfy residents and attracting rich people to this texture and establish various support mechanism for providing different fields of investment with score of 3.16. The lowest attractiveness is balance strategic plans between the types of activities related to urban land use and regeneration with 2.8 score.
Conclusions
The Region 12 of Tehran is as a historical and cultural texture that can consider identity of Tehran. This article tried to study necessary grounds for regeneration in case study. Since regeneration process is participatory, so we had to have an analysis of the views of resident about beneficiaries in different fields for regeneration.  For this purpose, weaknesses, strengths, opportunities and threats in a SWOT matrix is adjusted and then in QSPM matrix we could attain important strategies for regeneration.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • QSPM and SWOT Matrices
  • Regeneration
  • Region 12 of Tehran Metropolis
  • Urban Worn Texture
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