نقش فعالیت‌های گردشگری در توسعۀ خدمات فرهنگی اکوسیستم‌های شهری (مطالعۀ موردی: منطقۀ 3 شهر اصفهان)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی - کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جهانگردی دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد گروه جهانگردی دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

10.22059/jurbangeo.2020.286210.1133

چکیده

 خدمات فرهنگی اکوسیستم، مزایایی غیرمادی است که انسان از ارتباط با محیط به‌دست می‌آورد؛ بدین‌گونه که انسان ابتدا براساس فرهنگ خود محیط را درک و سپس مزایای مذکور را از آن دریافت می‌کند، اما در حال حاضر به‌دلیل توسعة سریع، نامناسب و کمتر برنامه‌ریزی‌شده، در بیشتر شهرهای کشور از جمله اصفهان، خدمات فرهنگی دریافتی مردم در معرض خطر قرار دارد. از آنجا که گردشگری یکی از فعالیت‌های مؤثر بر فرهنگ، مزایا و خدمات آن است، هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین میزان تأثیرگذاری عملکرد و فعالیت‌های گردشگری بر توسعة خدمات فرهنگی اکوسیستم (CES) در منطقة تاریخی شهر اصفهان (منطقة 3) است. داده‌های استفاده‌شده از روش‌های کتابخانه‌ای و میدانی (پرسشنامه) جمع‌آوری و برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش معادلات ساختاری در محیط نرم‌افزار LISREL استفاده شده است. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن است که درمجموع، فعالیت‌های گردشگری در توسعة CES در منطقة 3 شهر اصفهان نقش مؤثری داشته است؛ البته این تأثیر در ابعاد مختلف یکسان نیست و مؤلفه‌های خدمات فرهنگی اکوسیستم (CES) یعنی حس مکان، تنوع فرهنگی، روابط اجتماعی، ارزش‌های زیباشناختی و سیستم دانش و ارزش‌های آموزشی با درجات متفاوت متأثر از فعالیت‌ها و فرایندهای گردشگری هستند. در میان شاخص‌های نامبرده، قوی‌ترین تأثیرپذیری به مؤلفة ارزش‌های زیباشناختی و ضعیف‌ترین تأثیرپذیری به مؤلفة سیستم دانش و ارزش‌های آموزشی تعلق دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the role of tourism activities in Cultural ecosystem services (CES) development (Case study: District 3 of Isfahan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • nazanin tabrizi 1
  • mohammad hasan zal 1
  • melika Jafar pishe 2
1 Tourism Department - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - University of Mazandaran - Babolsar – Iran
2 -
چکیده [English]

Cultural Ecosystem Services are non-material benefits people obtain from ecosystems. CES are connected to human health and well-being and cannot be out sourced , they are provided by linkages between people and the environment they live in.
Todays with the unfavorable development and rapid growth of Isfahan as the third largest city in the country without the necessary infrastructure, in addition, the age of modernity and the capitalist world and the process of modernization, is no longer conceptualized by pure urban culture. So, obtaining cultural ecosystem services by people are becoming endangered. With direct relation between tourism and culture, this study target to identify wether tourism had able to develop cultural ecosystem services in Isfahan, district 3.
In this research, library studies were used to collect data and information, as well as field studies including interviews and a researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed in two ways: the statistical population of this study included experts in tourism and urban planning and citizens of Isfahan region 3 (n = 383). Validity was confirmed by the views of professors and experts, and reliability was also confirmed with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.93. Then statistical software such as LISREL and SPSS were used for analysis. It is worth noting that the results show that there is a significant relationship between tourism and cultural services in Isfahan region 3 (standard co-efficient = 0.43 and T =7.27) and 20% of cultural services changes due to tourism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cultural ecosystem services
  • Development
  • Tourism
  • city
  • District 3 of Isfahan
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