تبیین اهمیت کیفیت مکان در بازآفرینی شهری با رویکرد آینده‌پژوهی، مورد مطالعه منطقة 10 شهر تهران

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی - کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکدة جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشکدة جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشکدة جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

رشد شتابان شهرها در ایران در ادوار مختلف، مشکلات و نارسایی‌هایی را در پی داشته است. یکی از این مسائل، بافت‌های ناکارآمد شهری است که زندگی در چنین مکان‌هایی را مشکل کرده است. بازآفرینی رویکردی نوین برای تولید سازمان فضایی به‌منظور ایجاد یا تجدید روابط شهری است. موضوع کیفیت مکان‌های شهری یکی از محورهای اساسی در برنامه‌ریزی و مدیریت شهری است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر تبیین اهمیت کیفیت مکان‌های شهری با توجه به جنبه‌های بازآفرینی شهری با رویکرد آینده‌پژوهی در منطقة 10 شهر تهران است. ابتدا با مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای به شناسایی مؤلفه‌ها و متغیرهای مؤثر بر کیفیت مکان‌های شهری پرداخته و سپس پیشران‌ها و سناریوهای پیش‌روی آن تدوین شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهد، عوامل تحرک‌پذیری، نشاط و پویایی (خاطره‌انگیزی)، رضایت از تنوع ارائة محصولات (تنوع فعالیت‌های اقتصادی)، ارتباط معنادار استقرار کاربری‌های مختلف، میزان نظارت طبیعی، محدودیت‌های فرهنگی، فیزیکی، خوانایی مسیر، جانمایی مناسب روشنایی معابر، وجود شهرت و خوش‌نامی فضاهای فراغتی، زیبایی‌شناسی بنا و سبک معماری ساختمان‌های موجود و وجود فضاهایی برای مطالعه مهم‌ترین عوامل کیفیت مکان برای بازآفرینی شهری در منطقه 10 شهر تهران هستند. برای تحقق کیفیت مکان در بازآفرینی شهری نیاز است تا با برنامه‌ریزی و مدیریت صحیح طرح‌ها و برنامه‌های توسعة شهری، از حرکت به سمت وضعیت‌های احتمالی که شرایط نامطلوب دارند، جلوگیری کرده و با اقداماتی شرایط خیزش به سمت وضعیت‌های مطلوب را فراهم کرد تا درنهایت شاهد اجرای سناریوهایی باشیم که به بهبود کیفیت مکان‌های شهری منجر شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the importance of place quality in urban regeneration with a futures studies approach, The case study on District 10 of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Hosseini 1
  • Fatemeh Sadat Kahaki 2
  • Zahra Ahadi 3
1 Department of Human Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Human Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Human Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

One of these issues is the dysfunctional urban blighted, which has made life in such places difficult. Recreating a new approach to producing a space organization to create or renew urban relationships. The issue of the quality of urban spaces is one of the main axes in urban planning and management. The purpose of this study is futurism in relation to the quality of urban spaces with respect to aspects of urban regeneration in District 10 of Tehran. Findings showed that the factors of mobility, vitality, and dynamism (memory), satisfaction with the diversity of product offerings (diversity of economic activities), significant relationship between the establishment of different uses, the degree of natural supervision, cultural, physical, readability, location Suitable for lighting lights, the presence of fame and prestige of leisure spaces, the aesthetics of the building and the architectural style of existing buildings and the existence of study spaces are the most important factors in the quality of space for urban regeneration in District 10 of Tehran. In order to research the quality of a place with a regenerative approach, it is necessary to prevent the movement towards possible situations that have unfavorable conditions by performing proper planning and management of regional development plans and programs, and to take measures to provide the conditions for rising to desirable situations. We will see the implementation of scenarios that express the spring of the quality of urban spaces in the urban spaces of the study area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quality of Place
  • urban regeneration
  • Futures Studies
  • scenario planning
  • District 10 of Tehran
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