عنوان مقاله [English]
"Cultural Ecosystem Services" in the parks include intangible benefits that people perceive subjectively. Cultural Ecosystem Services has an impact on improving the life quality. The research aims to investigate the relationship between the landscape style and the Cultural Ecosystem Services in different parks. The research is analytical-descriptive in terms of practical purpose and research method. For landscape objective-physical assessment, the method of landscape character assessment is used and for the perception of CES, a social survey is used. The statistical population includes visitors to the parks with different landscape styles in Tehran. The sample size was estimated to be 400 people based on Morgan's table and data was collected using the available sampling method (distribution of online questionnaires in social networks). Ranking of Cultural Ecosystem Services in different parks is done with Wilcoxon test in SPSS software. The results show the difference in prioritizing the perception of CES in parks with distinct landscape styles. Although recreation is the first priority in all parks, and the sense of place and spiritual values are not well understood, but in the park with a naturalistic style, a better understanding of the park's Cultural Ecosystem Services has taken place. Therefore, the naturalistic can provide the ground for the meaningful connection of people with the urban green space. The natural layer of the park with semi-dense vegetation, the layering of plants in different layers and the predominance of the natural layer over the artificial layer of the parks are important factors of the naturalistic body.